It is the only method that can be used to date rocks, pottery and minerals for dates that are approximately between 300 to 10,000 years old.This method is based on the fact that when a material is heated or exposed to sunlight, electrons are released and some of them are trapped inside the item.Dating methods in archaeology establish the time and sequence of events that created archaeological deposits and layers, called strata, within those deposits. Absolute dating relies on biological, chemical (radiometric), geological/electromagnetic, or historical investigation to obtain the date range of a deposit.(Examples of each method, respectively, are dendrochronology, carbon-14, archaeomagnetism, and the known year a city was destroyed.) Relative dating is based on stratigraphy (the tendency of younger layers to lie over older layers) and comparison of artifacts from undated sites to sites where dates are established.Knowing this first: that scoffers will come in the last days, walking according to their own lusts, and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming?For since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation.” For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water.
Based on a discipline of geology called stratigraphy, rock layers are used to decipher the sequence of historical geological events.
By making multiple measurements (you need at least two for a date estimate) we can find out how much radiation the item was exposed to over the years and can get dating estimates related to when the item was last heated.
This method has the following restrictions: a) It cannot be used to date items many thousands of years old; b) it can only be used in non-organic materials; and c) the materials to be dated must have been heated to more than 350 degrees Celsius. All of the current dating methods are going through refinement.
Archaeologists are seeking an accurate dating technique, but this method is yet to be found.
Here we come to the question of how accurate the dates are that we currently have regarding the history of the human race and our planet.