In February 2014, the government amended the 1886 penal code to prohibit all forms of trafficking in persons, proscribing penalties of eight to 12 years’ imprisonment—penalties that are both sufficiently stringent and commensurate with those proscribed for other serious crimes.Article 19 criminalizes the act of delivering, enticing, accepting, transporting, housing, or keeping of persons for the purposes of sexual exploitation, forced labor, or trafficking of organs, including by force, fraud, or coercion.During the year, two Zimbabwean child sex trafficking victims were identified in Luanda.Vietnamese and Brazilian women in prostitution in Angola may be victims of sex trafficking.The Top 10 most beautiful Angolan women includes model, actress and winner of beauty contests with Angolan decents.Angola is a source and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor.Chinese women are recruited by Chinese gangs and construction companies with promises of work, but later are deprived of their passports, kept in walled compounds with armed guards, and forced to pay back the costs of their travel by engaging in prostitution.
Recommendations for Angola: Use the revised penal code provisions to investigate and prosecute forced labor and sex trafficking offenses; train law enforcement officials on the new penal code provisions; systematically investigate labor trafficking in the Angolan construction sector; train law enforcement, social services, and immigration officials in identification and referral procedures; ensure provision of shelter, counseling, and medical care to all victims either directly or in partnership with NGOs; establish broad-based institutional capacity to coordinate and guide national efforts by forming an anti-trafficking inter-ministerial committee; collect and analyze anti-trafficking law enforcement data; organize nationwide anti-trafficking public awareness campaigns; and accede to the 2000 UN TIP Protocol.
In May 2013, the criminal investigative police arrested a Chinese national suspected of fraudulently recruiting children and young adults, ages 15 to 25, from Huila with promises of good wages for construction work in Zaire province.
A Chinese construction company exploited these children and young adults in forced labor without pay and in poor conditions for three months.
This 2012 law fails to define and prescribe penalties for these crimes, limiting its utility.
The Angolan government investigated two suspected trafficking cases during the reporting period, leading to the arrest of one labor recruiter.